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Professional & Skilled Workers


Professional & Skilled Workers


Newcomers to Canada are mainly admitted as part of economic immigration programs. Following Canada's immigration targets for 2018-2020, nearly 200,000 new economic immigrants are expected to enter the country every year. This implies that foreign nationals possessing the necessary skills can fill labour shortages in the Canadian economy to a great extent.

Immigration programs with an economic focus are those that aim to influence the Canadian economy positively. These programs are primarily intended to recruit skilled workers to Canada. A capable labour force can fill job vacancies in Canada's labour market and build long-term careers. Canadian immigration programs for skilled workers are considered permanent resident programs, and successful applicants are granted permanent residency.



Express Entry

IRCC utilizes Express Entry to manage applications for three of the most essential federal skilled worker immigration programs.

  1. Federal Skilled Worker (FSW)
  2. Federal Skilled Trades (FST)
  3. Canadian Experience Class (CEC).

Provincial Nomination Programs (PNPs) are alignments with Express Entry as well. To join the Express Entry pool, candidates must submit a profile for one of the programs managed by Express Entry.

Based on their profile, a score is then assigned to all Express Entry candidates, regardless of the program for which they qualify. Several factors determine the score, such as age, education, language proficiency, work experience, and ties to Canada. Periodically, Express Entry draws invite the highest-ranking candidates to apply for permanent residence. The process typically takes six months when an invitation is received.



Federal Skilled Worker

A minimum of one year of skilled work experience is a must for a Federal Skilled Worker candidate. It is worth noting, however, that this program does not require a connection to Canada, so that it can be an excellent immigration solution for residents of countries other than Canada. Applicants are required to meet strict eligibility requirements, including requirements regarding the length of work experience, the level of education, age, and proficiency in foreign languages.



Federal Skilled Trades

To be eligible for the Federal Skilled Trades (FST) program, candidates must have at least two years of experience in their designated field. Candidates should have acquired this experience within the previous five years. A candidate must also hold either a full-time contract offer for a position lasting at least 12 months or a Canadian provincial or territorial certificate of qualification in their skilled trade.



Canadian Experience Class

As a province, Quebec retains significant autonomy over its immigration policies and procedures, particularly in comparison to other provinces and territories.

Due to this, Quebec has developed its immigration programs distinct from the federal Express Entry system.

In order to apply for permanent residence in Quebec, a two-step process must be followed. The first step is to apply to the Quebec government for a Certificate of Selection of Quebec (CSQ). Following the acquisition of a CSQ, an applicant may apply for permanent residence via a paper-based application to Canada's federal immigration authorities. The Province of Quebec has two types of permanent residence programs:

  1. Quebec Experience Program (PEQ)
  2. Quebec Skilled Worker (QSW)


Quebec Experience Program

A skilled worker can apply for the Quebec Experience Program (PEQ) if they are a Quebec resident and possess 12 months of full-time, skilled work experience within Quebec over the previous two years. This program has a faster processing time than the Quebec Skilled Worker (QSW) program. However its eligibility requirements are more stringent. Applicants must be proficient in the oral French language at the advanced intermediate level to be eligible for this program.



Quebec Skilled Worker

Skilled workers residing outside of Quebec may be able to apply to the Quebec Skilled Workers Program (QSW) as a resource since the program does not necessarily require a Quebec connection. To assess a candidate's eligibility and determine their ranking within the program, a points grid is used. A candidate should submit a formal Expression of Interest (EOI) electronically using the Arrima Portal. Candidates who demonstrate the most outstanding aptitude for the program will be invited.



Work Permits

An individual who wishes to work in Canada but is not eligible for an existing immigration program may want to consider obtaining a work permit for a temporary period of time. Candidates might be able to increase their eligibility for permanent residence immigration programs by gaining work experience while on a temporary permit. Candidates typically need a job offer from an employer in Canada to apply for a work permit.



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