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Express Entry


Express Entry


Immigrants seeking a new life in Canada take advantage of Canada's Express Entry system. It allows skilled workers wanting to immigrate to Canada to organize and process their applications. The system of Express Entry allows Canada to attract approximately 110,000 skilled workers a year.


Three major economic programs are managed by Express Entry:

No.1Federal Skilled Worker (FSW)

No.2Federal Skilled Trades (FST)

No.3Canadian Experience Class (CEC)



Applying for Express Entry

The process of applying for Express Entry involves two steps. During the first step, you must prepare your profile, which includes the following documentation:

No.1Results of language testing

No.2Educational credential assessment report

No.3A passport or travel document


Your profile will be reviewed and you will be invited to apply for Canadian permanent residence. In order to submit an application, you will need to provide references, additional identification documents, and a medical examination result.



Eligibility for Express Entry

Express Entry candidates are typically those with a university or college degree, skilled work experience, and moderate English and/or French proficiency. Candidate profiles must also meet eligibility requirements for one of three federal programs in order to be submitted through the Express Entry system:

tickFederal Skilled Worker (FSW)

tickFederal Skilled Trades (FST)

tickCanadian Experience Class (CEC)

Our free online assessment tool is the easiest way to see if you qualify.



The Requirements for Express Entry

General rules for eligibility to participate in Express Entry as a skilled worker include the following:

tickIn the past ten years, you should have worked full-time (or equivalent part-time) in a skilled occupation for at least one year

tickObtain a minimum score of CLB seven on an approved language test in either English or French

tickAn education credential assessment that measures a student's educational achievement against Canadian standards

As a skilled worker, you must meet these minimum requirements in order to apply for Express Entry. The fulfillment of these requirements does not guarantee that you will receive an invitation to apply for permanent residence in Canada. It is always more desirable to hire candidates with stronger profiles rather than candidates who meet the minimum requirements.


Did You Know That: 

A single applicant to Canada can expect to pay about $2,300, and a couple will pay about $4,500 to immigrate?

The expenses are as follows:

1. Language testing costs approximately $300

2. Educational Credential Assessment (ECA) costs approximately $200.

3. The cost of biometrics is $85 per individual.

4. There is a fee of $1,325 per adult and $225 per child.

5. An average medical examination costs $450 for an adult and $250 for a child

6. Certificates of police clearance cost on average $100 per country


Your initial Express Entry profile is not subject to a fee.


Applicants for Canadian permanent residence are only asked to submit fees after they are invited to do so. You may be required to pay provincial immigration fees and the government processing fee if you apply through a PNP.

In addition, you may need to show you have sufficient funds for your resettlement in Canada if you are not applying under the Canadian Experience Class program or have a valid arranged employment offer. To be approved for a permanent residence visa, you must access settlement funds. Here are the amounts per family size:


 Job offer isn't necessary for Express Entry. Most of the candidates selected by Express Entry don't have a job offer.

Your CRS score can be enhanced by 200 points if you have a valid Canadian job offer.

Duration of the Process

From the time an Express Entry profile is submitted to the time a permanent resident visa is issued, the process can take up to six months. In some cases, the process may take longer. If you do not receive a formal invitation to apply, your Express Entry profile will remain in the pool of candidates for a period of 12 months. It is okay to resubmit your profile after 12 months if you have not received an invitation. The process is as follows:

  • The Express Entry pool will retain your profile for 12 months.
  • Once your ITA is issued, you will have 60 days to complete the full application process.
  • After receiving your complete application, IRCC will process your application within six months once the immigration authorities receive your permanent resident visa.

If Your CRS Score Is Low, You Can:


No.1One of the best ways to increase your score is to improve your IELTS score. Good IELTS scores alone can earn you 160 points.

No.2In addition to good IELTS scores, post-secondary education can increase your score by 50 points. Additional 50 points can be gained by having a good IELTS score and at                   least three years of work experience.

No.3To qualify for Express Entry under the Federal Skilled Worker Program, you must score at least seven on the Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB) and 6.0 on each                            language ability on the IELTS. If your CLB 9 is high enough in all areas, you can earn 260 Express Entry points just for your language skills.

No.4It is also possible to take the IELTS over and over again. After submitting them to the pool, you can add new IELTS test results to your profile.

No.5We provide free online IELTS tutorials to all Express Entry clients to prepare for the test. The internet offers many free and paid resources that can help you prepare.

No.6Don't wait until the last minute to register for IELTS. If your test scores don't meet your expectations, you have time to retake them before you submit your profile. When it                     comes to updating your profile, you can always do it, but you may not get a draw if you do it after you've qualified.


tickExpress Entry considers your work history when calculating your Express Entry points since it manages applications to economic immigration streams.

tickPutting more years of work experience on your resume to improve your Express Entry points is not easy.

tickYou might think about coming to Canada first as a student or temporary worker if you're not eligible for Express Entry or if you're eligible but don't have a competitive score. You'll          have more options if you have Canadian experience.

tickMany people don't make the most of their work experience. Each job gets points based on the National Occupational Classification (NOC). You can boost your score by                       choosing the correct NOC code.

tickIt's important not to misrepresent your work experience if you are invited to apply for permanent residence. You will need to prove that the NOC codes you use are accurate.

tickThus, it would be best if you took the time to determine which NOC codes accurately reflect your career history to earn as many points as possible under Express Entry.

tickIf you are having trouble sorting through the NOC matrix, you may benefit from consulting an expert to determine which codes you may be able to utilise.


Having a spouse or common-law partner may not apply to all candidates, but there may be points you are unable to claim. It's worth exploring all three possibilities.

tickYour spouse or partner may score more points for you. It is possible for your spouse or partner to increase their Express Entry points by retaking a language test or getting an               Educational Credential Assessment (ECA).

tickAlso, as a single applicant, you might have a higher score. By listing your spouse or partner as not accompanying, you can increase your score since your score changes if they         are accompanying or not. Even if you receive permanent residency, you can sponsor them to join you in Canada, but there will be a time when you will not be together.

tickThird, your spouse may be a more compelling candidate than you. Consider calculating how many points your spouse would receive in the event that they were the principal                applicant, whether you accompanied them or not.


Immigration Tip

If you and your spouse or partner are both strong candidates, you may submit separate profiles to the Express Entry pool, each listing the other as an accompanying candidate. In this way, you increase your odds of success.

The following are some more challenging ways you can increase your score if you have done your best on language tests, claimed as many points as possible for your work experience, and maximized your partner's points and still do not have a competitive score.


An eligible job offer from a Canadian employer can provide you with an additional 50 to 200 points. Try to connect with Canadian employers in your field by visiting public and private job boards and social networking sites, such as the Canada Job Bank.


You will be awarded 600 additional points if you are nominated by a province. Most provinces operate a nomination program which is aligned with Express Entry, however it is usually the responsibility of the candidate to determine which program they may be eligible for and how to apply. It is important to keep in mind that applying for a nomination from a provincial government is usually a completely separate process.


It would be a significant investment of time and money to return to school, but it can be very helpful. Your points could be greatly increased through a short program such as a one-year postsecondary certificate. You can claim an additional 8 points for just education if you already have a three-year or greater degree, worth 120 points, and complete a second one-year program. The additional 50 points can be claimed if you already possess CLB 9 as well as two years of Canadian work experience. This amounts to 58 points in total. Express Entry places a high value on Canadian educational credentials, and being an international student can open a number of doors to residing permanently in Canada that you might not have been able to open otherwise.



The ideal Express Entry candidate

Express Entry does not accept a single type of profile for all applicants. Candidates are assigned a ranking based on the Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS). The highest ranked candidates are more likely to be invited to apply. Language proficiency, your age, level of work experience, education, and Canadian connections can have a direct impact on your CRS score.

A candidate who meets the following requirements would qualify for Express Entry:

tickYou must be younger than 30 years of age

tickpossess at least two Bachelor's or a Master's degrees

tickThe ability to demonstrate moderate to high proficiency in English and/or French (CLB level nine or higher) would be advantageous

tickThe candidate must possess at least three years of experience in a skilled occupation


The following factors can also contribute to a higher CRS score:

tickStrong language skills in English and/or French

tickFluency in English & French

tickA Ph.D. or Master's degree is preferred

tickEducation or work experience in Canada is preferred

tickCurrent Canadian family member

tickCanadian company job offer

tickNational nominee program nomination


Express Entry Eligibility Score & CRS score

Candidate must score at least 67 points on the points scale of the Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP) in order to be considered for employment under the FSWP. A candidate who is selected for Express Entry through the FSW program, or any other Express Entry program, will receive a CRS score. All candidates in the Express Entry pool are ranked according to their CRS scores. The Canadian federal government holds a draw for Express Entry every two weeks, and a minimum cut-off point is determined for the draw. If your CRS score exceeds the cut-off, an invitation to apply for permanent resident status in Canada will be extended to you.


Minimum Score for Express Entry

In general, the minimum CRS score for receiving an Invitation to Apply (ITA) for Canadian permanent residence varies from draw to draw. Therefore, you should take measures to improve your ranking in the pool of candidates in order to enhance your likelihood of receiving an invitation.


Language Points

A candidate's language points are based on his or her performance on an official English or French exam conducted by Canada. If a candidate possesses a high level of proficiency in both English and French, they will maximize the number of points they accumulate under the language factor of their CRS score.


IELTS Score & CRS Score

You can significantly affect your CRS score through your IELTS or CELPIP scores. Obtaining at least a CLB 9 in each of the four subtests of the exam can double your skill transferability factor scores, thereby increasing your CRS score substantially.

Express Entry candidates have the option of demonstrating proficiency in either French or English, two of Canada's official languages. You may choose the French exam if you have a stronger proficiency in French. Therefore, you are not required to take the IELTS or CELPIP exam. In order to maximize your language points, you should strive to achieve a minimum score of CLB 9 on each section of the French examination.


My Spouse and the IELTS Exam

Your spouse may be required to take a language test, such as IELTS, depending on your Express Entry score if you are submitting an application through the FSW program. IRCC allows you to claim an additional 5 points toward your FSW score if your spouse obtains a CLB 4 or better on each of the language exams it offers. The points you receive may assist you in meeting the requirements for submitting a profile if your score is below 67. Language results from your spouse may also help increase your CRS score, thus increasing your chances of acceptance into the Express Entry program.

Express Entry Zero Score

Having a score of 0 indicates that your profile does not satisfy the eligibility requirements for Express Entry. Your Express Entry profile may be selected right away or after it has been in the pool for a number of months. The following reasons are some of the most common reasons a profile becomes ineligible:

tickResults of expired language tests or ECA reports

tickfailure to meet the minimum settlement fund requirement

tick(for federally skilled workers) Loss of points based on age

tickless than one year of work experience in the past ten years

tickWorking in your primary NOC code for less than a year


CRS Score for Canadian PR

An invitation to apply for Canadian permanent residence (ITA) cannot be guaranteed according to a specific CRS score. During each Express Entry draw, the cut-off for CRS fluctuates because the Government of Canada does not release the targeted cut-off ahead of time.


CRS Cut-off 

There is a CRS cut-off for the Province Nominee Program (PNP) specific Express Entry draws because more points are awarded to candidates who have a nomination on their profile. Candidates who are nominated by a province may be eligible for 600 points toward the CRS.


CRS Score Trend

CEC draws reached a new record low in 2021 for the CRS cut-off point. Approximately 27,000 CEC candidates with CRS scores as low as 75 were invited by the Canadian government to apply in February 2021. CRS cutoffs for PNP draws have typically ranged between 600 and 800. Because PNP candidates are awarded 600 additional points, the cut-off point for CRS in PNP draws is significantly higher. Therefore, the lowest ranking PNP candidate had a CRS score of less than 100 before receiving a nomination.

CRS scores below 438 were selected in 2019 - however, it is not guaranteed that an applicant will be invited to participate. Whether or not you receive an invitation from the federal or provincial government depends on a variety of factors external to your own profile, as well as your own qualifications. It is typically considered to be a good score to have a CRS score between the mid to high 400s, so your chances of getting selected will be enhanced.

During COVID-19 pandemic, provinces have continued to invite candidates directly from their respective pools of candidates, sometimes targeting a minimum CRS cut off, sometimes only targeting other factors, such as work experience, or the candidates' scores as determined by a provincial point system. It is essential to take steps to optimize your CRS score wherever possible since the CRS cut-off cannot be predicted ahead of time.


Express Entry Profile

Creating an IRCC secure account is the first step in creating an Express Entry profile. In order to determine if you are eligible for the Express Entry program, you or your representative must complete an eligibility questionnaire following the creation of your account. Once you have been determined eligible, you need to complete an online form that includes your age, work experience, educational history, and language test results. Upon submission of the registration form, the Express Entry system will determine the score you will receive according to the Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) and which program you are eligible to apply for.

A valid Express Entry profile lasts for 12 months. You may, however, have your profile deleted before the 12-month period has passed if you become ineligible for Express Entry while you are in the pool.






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